Top 10 Scalp Conditions and How to Treat Them

Scalp Conditions

for a Healthy Scalp

Scalp conditions such as dandruff, psoriasis, and alopecia can range from being unappealing to causing extreme discomfort. Finding effective treatments can help to improve scalp conditions and your overall health. Here are the top 10 scalp conditions and how to treat them to keep your scalp healthy.

1. Dandruff

Dandruff is a common scalp condition caused by dry skin, oily skin, eczema, psoriasis, sensitivities to certain hair products, and not shampooing enough. To treat it, use a gentle shampoo such as tea tree oil shampoo and shampoo regularly. Consider using medicated shampoos containing zinc pyrithione or salicylic acid. Other natural treatments include apple cider vinegar and aloe vera.

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2. Seborrheic Dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis is an inflammatory skin condition that causes redness, itching, and scaly patches on the scalp. It is often caused by an overgrowth of the Malassezia fungus, which lives on the skin naturally. Treatment includes daily shampooing with an anti-fungal shampoo, as well as regular use of topical steroids.

3. Scalp Psoriasis

Psoriasis is an autoimmune condition that causes red, itchy, and flaky patches on the scalp. Treatment includes topical steroids, coal tar, salicylic acid, and other medications. Natural treatments include aloe vera gel, tea tree oil, and psoriasis ointment.

4. Scalp Folliculitis

Folliculitis is an infection of the hair follicles that causes itchy bumps on the head. Treatment includes topical antifungal creams and antibiotics as prescribed by a doctor. Over-the-counter remedies, such as tea tree oil, may also help.

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5. Scalp Cellulitis

Cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the scalp that causes redness, swelling, and pain. Treatment typically involves antibiotics, as well as cleaning and dressing the affected area.

6. Seborrheic Alopecia

Seborrheic alopecia is an inflammatory condition that causes bald patches and a red, scaly scalp. Treatment includes anti-fungal medications, topical steroids, and light therapy.

7. Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia

Frontal fibrosing alopecia is a type of alopecia that causes progressive scarring and hair loss, most commonly on the front of the head. Treatment includes immunomodulatory medications and other topical treatments.

8. Male Pattern Baldness

Male pattern baldness is the most common cause of baldness and is believed to be caused by genetics and hormones. Treatment includes medications such as minoxidil and finasteride, as well as low-level laser therapy.

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9. Trichotillomania

Trichotillomania is an impulse disorder that causes an individual to pull out their own hair. Treatment includes cognitive behavioral therapy, mindfulness techniques, and mood-stabilizing medications.

10. Hair Mites

Hair mites are microscopic parasites that can cause inflammation and itching on the scalp. Treatment includes using medicated shampoos, or washing the hair regularly with a combination of vinegar and water to kill the mites.

Keeping your scalp healthy can be a challenge, especially if you have a scalp condition. Fortunately, there is hope. By following the treatments outlined above, you can improve your scalp condition and have healthier and happier hair.