how to get rid of external hemorrhoids

What are External Hemorrhoids?

External hemorrhoids, also known as perianal hematomas, are hemorrhoids that develop around the anal opening. External hemorrhoids are noticeable, uncomfortable, and very bothersome. They may cause a great deal of pain and discomfort.

Causes of External Hemorrhoids

The primary causes of external hemorrhoids are constipation, straining during bowel movements, sitting for long periods of time, and internal pressure from pregnancy or obesity. Other contributing factors include aging, chronic diarrhea, and anal intercourse.

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Treating External Hemorrhoids

There are a variety of treatments available for external hemorrhoids, but the most effective is a combination of lifestyle modifications and medical treatments.

Lifestyle Modifications:

  • Increase your fiber intake. Foods like bran, oatmeal, raspberries, apples, and bananas can help soften your stool and reduce strain during bowel movements.
  • Drink plenty of water. Water helps keep your stool soft and makes it easier to pass. Plus, it’s essential for keeping your body hydrated.
  • Exercise regularly. Exercise helps improve circulation, which can reduce swelling and discomfort from external hemorrhoids.
  • Avoid sitting for long periods of time. Instead, take regular breaks to move around and reduce pressure on the anal area.

Medical Treatments:

  • Sclerotherapy: A chemical is injected into the hemorrhoid, causing it to shrink and dissipate.
  • Hemorrhoidectomy: During this procedure, the hemorrhoid is surgically removed.
  • Rubber Band Ligation: A rubber band is placed around the base of the hemorrhoid, cutting off its blood supply and causing it to shrink and fall off.
  • Infrared Coagulation: Heat is applied to the hemorrhoid, causing it to die and shrink.

These treatments are usually very effective in getting rid of external hemorrhoids, but it’s important to remember that prevention is often the best and easiest option. Avoid straining, increase your fiber and water intake, and exercise regularly to help keep your anal area healthy and free of external hemorrhoids.

For more information on how to get rid of external hemorrhoids, talk to your doctor or health care provider. They can offer advice on the best treatments available and help you find relief from your symptoms.

See also  how to treat hemorrhoids