internal hemorrhoids symptoms

Internal Hemorrhoids Symptoms: What You Need to Know

Internal hemorrhoids are a common and uncomfortable ailment that affects millions of people in the United States and the world. Knowing the symptoms is the first step to understanding and treating this issue.

What causes internal hemorrhoids?

Internal hemorrhoids, also known as hemorrhoidal disease, is caused by a swollen vein in the lower rectum. This typically occurs due to prolonged sitting, excessive straining during bowel movements, or a health condition such as constipation or diarrhea.

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What are the symptoms?

Internal hemorrhoids can cause a wide range of physical symptoms, including:

  • Painless bleeding during bowel movements
  • Feeling of fullness in the rectum
  • Prolapse, or small bulges of tissue coming out of the anus
  • Itchiness, irritation, and feeling of wetness in the anal area
  • Pain and discomfort when pressed, or during bowel movements

What causes pain and bleeding?

When internal hemorrhoids become inflamed, they can cause a range of symptoms from moderate to severe. The most common form of inflammation is thrombosed hemorrhoids, which occurs when a blood clot forms in the swollen vein. This clot can cause pain, swelling, and bleeding during bowel movements.

How are internal hemorrhoids treated?

Treatment for internal hemorrhoids typically involves dietary and lifestyle changes such as increasing water intake and eating more fiber. Other treatments include medications to reduce inflammation and pain, such as topical ointments containing hydrocortisone, as well as procedures to remove the hemorrhoids such as sclerotherapy and rubber band ligation.


Internal hemorrhoids symptoms, hemorrhoidal disease, prolapse, thrombosed hemorrhoids, hydrocortisone, sclerotherapy, rubber band ligation

If you have any of the internal hemorrhoids symptoms described above, seek medical attention from your doctor or healthcare provider. With the proper care, you can manage your condition and get back to living your life.

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