Understanding Cognitive Changes in Parkinson’s Disease and Health
There have been a great deal of advances in recent years in understanding the relationship between Parkinson’s Disease (PD) and cognition change. The cognitive changes associated with PD can range from mild cognitive disturbances to profound cognitive impairments that drastically reduce quality of life. This article is a comprehensive guide to understanding the different aspects of PD related cognitive changes, highlighting opinion leaders in the field as well as current research studies.
What is Parkinson’s Disease?
PD is a common neurological condition that affects movement and is characterized by a range of motor, cognitive, and sensory symptoms. PD starts with mild symptoms and progresses in severity. The disease is caused by degeneration of certain parts of the brain that are responsible for controlling movement and other brain functions. As the disease progresses, cognitive function may be affected, leading to problems such as memory deficits, confusion, and language difficulties.
Common Cognitive Changes in Parkinson’s Patients
A number of cognitive changes have been associated with PD, including declines in memory, executive functioning, verbal fluency, and attention. Other common changes in PD patients include changes in processing speed, problem-solving speed, and executive functioning. In addition, apathy is common in PD patients, as is depression and anxiety.
How Cognitive Changes are Managed?
The most effective way of managing cognitive changes in PD is to identify and address the underlying causes. Many neurologists and psychologists have developed treatments for the cognitive difficulties with PD. These can include cognitive behavioural therapy, medications, and lifestyle modifications. Additionally, cognitive rehabilitation strategies such as the use of compensatory strategies, scheduling and goal setting, can help to improve cognitive functioning.
What is the Current Research?
Current research is uncovering a great deal about the relationship between PD and cognition change. For example, a recent study by Kenneth Heilman found that PD patients have a significantly lower rate of working memory than those without PD. Additionally, a study by Rajani Mandal has shown that the use of medications and cognitive behavioural therapy can be effective at improving memory, executive functioning, and verbal fluency in PD patients.
This comprehensive guide has provided an overview of cognitive changes associated with Parkinson’s Disease, highlighting opinion leaders in the field as well as current research studies. The causes and management of these changes are complex and require an understanding of the individual’s symptoms and the underlying causes. With the help of qualified medical professionals, the cognitive impairments associated with PD can be effectively managed and managed, potentially leading to improved quality of life.