menopause definition

What is Menopause?

Menopause is the stage in a woman’s life when her menstrual periods permanently stop. Menopause marks the end of her reproductive years and is a normal part of aging.

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When Does Menopause Occur?

Menopause typically occurs between the ages of 45 and 55, most commonly around age 51. The average age is 51.

What are the Symptoms of Menopause?

The most common symptoms of menopause include:

  • Hot flashes
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Night sweats
  • Sleep problems
  • Mood changes
  • Lower sex drive
  • Weight gain
  • Thinning hair and dry skin

What Causes Menopause?

The cause of menopause is a decrease in the production of the hormones estrogen and progesterone by your ovaries. This a natural part of the aging process. Once your estrogen and progesterone levels drop enough, your menstrual periods stop and menopause has occurred.

Can Menopause be Treated?

Yes, Menopause can be treated. Hormone therapy (HT) is generally the most effective treatment. HT is used to replace the hormones your body is no longer able to produce on its own. HT is available in both oral and non-oral forms and can provide relief from common symptoms.


Menopause, Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

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