The Connection Between Graves’ Disease and Bone Health: Osteoporosis Risks and Prevention

Connection Between

People living with Graves’ disease face a higher risk of developing osteoporosis. This is because Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder affects the thyroid gland, which can cause a decrease in the levels of necessary hormones that are vital for the maintenance of bone health. Osteoporosis carries the risk of weakened bones, fractures, and other painful bones-related complications. However, Graves’ disease does not have to mean an automatic diagnosis of osteoporosis – being aware of the risks and taking preventative measures may help to protect bone health.

What Is Graves’ Disease?

Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder characterized by hyperexpression of the thyroid antibodies that normally help to regulate their own hormones. As a result of this, the thyroid gland becomes overactive, leading to the well-known symptoms of Graves’ disease, such as weight-loss, anxiety, and heart palpitations. However, the thyroid hormones are crucial for bone health, which is why people with Graves’ disease face an increased risk of developing osteoporosis.

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The Link Between Graves’ Disease and Osteoporosis

Bone health is directly related to levels of thyroid hormones. Negative changes in thyroid hormone levels can decrease the amount of available calcium and other minerals in the bones, leading to a decrease in bone strength and density. With lower bone strength and density, the risk of fractures and other bone related problems increases, as the bones are simply not strong enough to withstand certain levels of force.

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How to Prevent Osteoporosis in Graves’ Disease

Fortunately, it is possible to take action to prevent the onset of osteoporosis in those with Graves’ disease. The most important step is to maintain adequate levels of thyroid hormones. This can be done by taking prescribed medications and getting regular blood tests to monitor thyroid hormone concentrations.

In addition, it is recommended to take steps to make sure that your diet is balanced and high in essential vitamins and minerals, such as calcium and vitamin D. Adding regular physical activity is a great way to keep bones strong and healthy, and there are even osteoporosis-specific exercises that have been designed to keep bones strong and reduce the risk of fractures.

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Finally, it is important to get regular testing to monitor your bone health and identify any changes, or potential risks of osteoporosis as soon as possible. With a proactive approach, and appropriate treatment, it is possible to keep Graves’ disease and its related risks – such as osteoporosis – under control and reduce the risks associated with it.