thyroid symptoms

Overview of Thyroid Symptoms

The thyroid is a small gland located in the front of the neck, just below the voice box. It’s an essential organ and part of the endocrine system, helping to regulate hormones and regulate metabolism in the body. Many of the body’s vital processes are managed by the thyroid, which makes it important to properly diagnose and treat any thyroid disorders. Here is an overview of common thyroid symptoms.

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Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid)

One of the major types of thyroid disorders is hypothyroidism, in which the thyroid doesn’t produce enough hormones to manage the body’s vital processes. Common signs and symptoms of this condition include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Sensitivity to cold temperatures
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin
  • Puffy face
  • Hoarseness
  • Muscle weakness
  • Pain, stiffness, or swelling in the joints
  • Heavy menstrual periods
  • Depression
  • Memory problems

Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid)

When the thyroid produces too much of the two main hormones, hyperthyroidism is often the result. It’s important to be aware of the signs and symptoms, which can be quite different from the hypothyroidism ones. They include the following:

  • Feeling anxious
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Increased appetite
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Tremors in the hands
  • Fine, brittle hair
  • Sweating more than usual
  • Changes in menstrual cycles
  • Fatigue
  • Nervousness
  • Enlarged thyroid gland (goiter)

It’s important to get tested for thyroid symptoms as soon as possible if you begin to experience any of these concerning signs. You should make an appointment with an endocrinologist to get an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.

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