Diabetes is one of the leading causes of chronic venous disease (CVD), impacting millions of people worldwide. CVD is a type of vascular disorder that is characterized by weakened blood vessels and affects peripheral circulation. This can lead to swelling, pain, and even tissue damage. It is a major cause of chronic leg ulcers and skin changes and can be worsened by diabetes.
What is Chronic Venous Disease (CVD)?
CVD, also known as venous insufficiency, is a common condition that is caused by problems with the valves, veins, and walls of the leg veins. These problems lead to poor circulation and can allow excess fluid to remain in the legs, leading to edema, pain, and swelling. CVD can affect one or both legs and account for more than one-third of non-healing wounds. Some of the symptoms of CVD include skin discoloration, swelling, varicose veins, and ulcers.
How is Diabetes Related to CVD?
People with diabetes typically have poorer circulation, making them more prone to develop CVD. The condition is especially common among Type 2 diabetics, but it can also occur in people with Type 1 diabetes. Diabetes-related changes such as high blood sugar levels, high cholesterol levels and high blood pressure, can damage veins and arteries, resulting in CVD.
Impact on Health and Treatment
People with CVD and diabetes are at higher risk of developing complications, such as wounds or infections, due to their weakened circulatory system. It is important for people with diabetes to monitor and control their blood sugar levels, and to implement an overall healthy lifestyle in order to help prevent or manage CVD. Treatment may include lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise, medications, and in some cases, surgical interventions.
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