Understanding Chronic Venous Disease
Chronic Venous Disease (CVD) is a medical condition that affects the veins and arteries in your legs, causing pain and other related symptoms. CVD is a long-term and progressive condition, as it has no known cure, and treatment is aimed at relieving symptoms and slowing the progression of the disease. Symptoms of CVD include swelling of the legs, cramping in the calves and ankles, skin discolouration, and sensation of heaviness or tiredness in the lower extremities. In more severe cases of CVD, the patient may experience ulceration and varicose veins.
What Causes Chronic Venous Disease?
The most common cause of CVD is venous hypertension, a condition in which the valves in the veins of your leg are not working properly, resulting in an inability to push blood back up to the heart. Other causes of CVD include vein damage caused by surgery, trauma, or deep vein thrombosis.
Treatment options for CVD depend on the severity of the condition, as well as the underlying cause. Treatment typically involves lifestyle modifications, such as exercising regularly and wearing compression stockings. Other treatments include medications to relieve symptoms, sclerotherapy to treat varicose veins, and vein surgery to address underlying vein issues.
Health and Prevention
Although there is no cure for CVD, there are steps you can take to help slow its progression and prevent it from worsening. Lifestyle modifications, such as not sitting or standing in one position for too long, avoiding crossing your legs, and wearing compression stockings, can all help. Additionally, following a healthy diet and exercising regularly can improve blood circulation, as well as reduce your risk of other medical conditions.
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