Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a medical condition that occurs when your veins can’t properly move blood to the heart from the lower parts of your body. The most common cause of CVI is deep vein thrombosis (DVT), which is a blood clot that develops in the deep veins of your leg. CVI can cause swelling, fatigue, and even ulcerations in the legs.
Causes of CVI
There are several possible causes of CVI. It may be caused by DVT, injury to a vein, vein walls or valves, or a condition known as postural hypotension, which is a sudden drop in blood pressure when you stand. Other causes of CVI could include genetic factors, pregnancy, weight gain, or smoking.
Treatment for CVI is aimed at managing the symptoms and improving blood flow. Treatment may include lifestyle changes such as losing weight, avoiding prolonged sitting or standing, and compression stockings. Medication is also an option, such as diuretics to reduce swelling, anticoagulants to prevent blood clots, or drugs to reduce the pressure in your veins. In more severe cases, surgical treatment may be necessary.
Treating CVI can help improve your overall health. It can reduce swelling and discomfort in your legs, help prevent infections or ulcerations on your skin, and decrease your risk of developing other conditions such as deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism. Treating CVI can also help improve your quality of life and the overall circulation in your body.
If you think that you are experiencing symptoms of CVI, it is important to consult a healthcare professional. Your doctor can help diagnose the condition, develop a treatment plan, and provide support to help you manage your symptoms.