varices definition

What are Varices? Definition, Causes and Treatment

Varices are swollen, irregular veins. These veins usually occur in the legs, but varices can also form in other parts of the body. Varices are generally caused by abnormal pressure in the veins, leading to poor circulation and pooling of blood.

Varices Definition

Varices is a medical term for swollen veins, typically found in the legs. In general, veins become swollen due to an increase in pressure within the vein, which leads to the vein walls becoming weak and unable to adequately pump essential blood back to the heart. Veins with varicose walls can become quite large and visible to the naked eye. In addition to being unsightly, varices can cause pain and can be more prone to bleeding and other complications.

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Causes of Varices

The exact causes of varices can vary from person to person, but are typically related to a combination of lifestyle factors, medical conditions and genetic predisposition. Common causes include:

  • Lack of physical activity
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Hormonal changes
  • Prolonged standing or sitting
  • Age-related weakening of veins
  • Venous insufficiency
  • Family history of varices

Treating Varices

In most cases, varices require treatment to reduce the symptoms and prevent further complications. Treatments can include:

  • Self-care measures, such as wearing compression stockings and elevating the legs
  • Varicose vein surgery, such as endovenous laser ablation or sclerotherapy
  • Lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise, healthy diet and avoiding standing for long periods

If you are suffering from varices, it is important to consult a medical professional for diagnosis and advice on the best course of treatment for your specific condition.


Varices are swollen, irregular veins that typically occur in the legs and can cause pain and discomfort. They are usually caused by an increase in pressure in the veins and are more common in certain groups of people, such as those that are overweight or pregnant. Treatment options can include self-care measures, varicose vein surgery and lifestyle changes. If you think you may have symptoms of varices, it is important to consult a doctor for diagnosis and advice.

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