What Are Varices?

Varices are enlarged, tortuous veins near the surface of the skin, usually in the legs. Varicose veins occur when valves in the veins that carry blood from the legs to the heart become weakened, allowing blood to pool in the legs. This pooling of blood can cause the veins to become swollen and twisted, leading to mild to severe discomfort, including swelling, cramps, and skin discoloration.

Who Is At Risk for Varices?

Varicose veins occur mostly in people who have a standing job or are on their feet for long periods. People with an increased pressure on their lower body due to overweight or pregnancy also have a higher risk of developing varicose veins. Women are more likely to have varicose veins than men, and varicose veins become more common with age.

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What Are the Symptoms of Varices?

The most common symptoms of varicose veins include:

  • Aching or cramping in the legs
  • Swelling in the feet or ankles
  • The skin around the veins becoming darker, red, or blue
  • Itching or burning in the legs

If you experience any of these symptoms, you should consult your doctor.

What Is the Treatment for Varices?

There are several treatments available for treating varicose veins. Your doctor can recommend the best treatment for you, depending on the severity of your condition. The most common treatments include:

  • Compression Stockings: Worn during the day, compression stockings can help reduce swelling and the appearance of varicose veins by applying pressure to the legs.
  • Sclerotherapy: A liquid is injected into the vein, which causes it to close up and redirect the blood flow. This treatment is usually done in the doctor’s office.
  • Laser Treatment: A laser is used to seal the vein, redirecting blood flow to other, healthier veins.
  • Surgery: In more severe cases, doctors may recommend surgery to tie off the vein and prevent it from enlarging.

How Can Varices Be Prevented?

  • Maintain a Healthy Weight: Being overweight or obese puts a lot of pressure on the legs, which can cause the veins to become varicosed.
  • Exercise: Low-impact exercises such as walking, cycling, and swimming can help improve circulation and reduce the risk of varicose veins.
  • Avoid Prolonged Standing: Standing for too long can put extra pressure on the veins and worsen existing varicose veins.
  • Elevate Your Feet: Sitting or lying with your feet elevated helps improve circulation and reduce swelling in the legs.


Varicose veins are a common medical condition that affects millions of people around the world. Early treatment is important to prevent more serious conditions and the discomfort associated with varicose veins. Fortunately, there are several treatments available for varicose veins, and lifestyle changes can help reduce the risk of developing them. If you think you may have varicose veins, it is important to see your doctor as soon as possible.

Keywords: Varices, Varicose Veins, Treatment, Prevention, Symptoms, Compression Stockings, Sclerotherapy, Laser Treatment, Surgery

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