varicose vein treatment

Varicose Vein Treatment

Varicose veins are a common problem that affects more than one in four adults. They often appear as twisted, bulging, and lumpy-looking veins, usually on the legs and feet. Though it may be a cosmetic issue for many people, varicose veins can lead to more serious side effects, such as skin discharge and inflammation, ulcers, and blood clots. Fortunately, there are a variety of treatments available to help reduce the appearance of varicose veins.

What Causes Varicose Veins?

The valves that control the flow of blood in your veins can become weak or damaged, leading to a backflow of blood and swelling in veins near the surface of the skin. Varicose veins are more common in women, people older than 50, and those with a family history of varicose veins. Most commonly, varicose veins are caused from standing or sitting for long periods of time, excess weight, and pregnancy.

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Varicose Vein Treatments

For most people, the primary treatment for varicose veins is compression stockings. These are specially designed garments that are worn around your legs and feet to provide extra support for your veins and improve blood flow.

If compression stockings don’t work to alleviate your varicose veins, there are several other treatments you can consider.

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Endovenous Ablation

Endovenous ablation is a minimally invasive procedure that involves closing the damaged vein with heat. During the procedure, a thin catheter is inserted into the vein, and then a laser or radiofrequency energy is used to seal the vein shut.


Sclerotherapy is a widely used procedure that involves injecting a solution directly into the affected veins. The solution forces the veins to close, which reduces the appearance of varicose veins.


In more severe cases of varicose veins, surgery may be recommended. During the procedure, the damaged veins are removed from your legs or abdomen. Your doctor will then reconnect the healthy veins and remove the damaged ones.

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The best way to prevent varicose veins is to maintain a healthy diet and lifestyle. Eating foods that are rich in antioxidants and fiber, and avoiding sitting or standing in the same position for long periods of time can go a long way in preventing the onset of varicose veins. Getting regular exercise can also help reduce the risk.

Key Takeaway

If you have varicose veins, don’t worry — there are many varicose vein treatment options available. Compression stockings, endovenous ablation, sclerotherapy, and surgery are all effective ways to address varicose veins. The best way to prevent them is to maintain a healthy diet and lifestyle.