What Is an Underactive Thyroid?
An underactive thyroid, also known as hypothyroidism, is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not make enough hormones for the body’s normal functioning. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the throat. It produces hormones that are essential for many of the body’s vital processes, including metabolism, energy levels, cognitive functioning, and hormone balance.
Symptoms of an Underactive Thyroid
When the thyroid is not producing enough hormones, it can lead to a wide range of symptoms. Some common signs of an underactive thyroid are:
- Weight gain
- Dry skin
- Lack of mental focus
- Muscle weakness
- Hair loss
- Feeling cold when others don’t
- Slow heart rate
- Joint stiffness
Diagnosing an Underactive Thyroid
If you are experiencing some of the symptoms of an underactive thyroid, it’s important to consult your doctor. They can order tests to measure your levels of thyroid hormone, TSH and T4. If your results are abnormal, you may be referred to an endocrinologist for further evaluation.
Treating an Underactive Thyroid
Treatment for an underactive thyroid usually includes taking synthetic hormones called levothyroxine or liothyronine. Taking these medications can help to restore normal hormone levels and alleviate your symptoms. It’s important to always follow the recommendations of your doctor when it comes to taking medications.
Do You Have an Underactive Thyroid?
If you’re experiencing any of the signs of an underactive thyroid, it’s important to See your doctor to be evaluated. With proper diagnosis and treatment, it is possible to manage your symptoms and live a healthy life.
Keywords: underactive thyroid, hypothyroidism, TSH, T4, levothyroxine, liothyronine, symptoms, fatigue, weight gain, dry skin, lack of mental focus, muscle weakness, hair loss, feeling cold, slow heart rate, depression, joint stiffness